Science against Microbial Pathogens: Communicating Current 
  Research and Technological Advances



Antimicrobial chemistry (experimental and computational). Analytical detection of antibiotics in complex samples.
Synthesis and screening of novel chemical compounds for antimicrobial action. Natural, synthetic and semi-synthetic antibiotics. Analogs. Structural determination. In-silico/ab-initio/de-novo antimicrobials discovery. New targets for antimicrobials. Rational design of antimicrobials. Bioinformatics and comparative genomics for the identification of antimicrobial targets...

Antimicrobial natural products.
Antimicrobial substances from terrestrial and marine organisms. Antimicrobial peptides. Antimicrobial enzymes. Essential oils. Bioactive phytochemicals. Plant/Herbal extracts. Purification. Structural determination...

Antimicrobials mechanisms of action.
Methods and Techniques.

Antimicrobial resistance. Superbugs. Multi-resistant strains. Emerging and re-emerging pathogens.

Microbial resistance to antibiotics and biocides. Molecular mechanisms. Resistance genes. Prevention of resistance. Surveillance & statistics. Genetics and Proteomics. Emerging and re-emerging bacteria and fungi in humans, animals, and plants. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Vancomycin Intermediate/Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (VISA/VRSA), Clostridium difficile, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Vancomycin-resistant enterococcus (VRE), Cryptosporidium, Plasmodium parasite, Plasmodium falciparum, Leishmania species, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Acinetobacter baumannii, Cryptococcus, Escherichia coli O157:H7, Helicobacter spp., Enterobacter sakazakii, Serratia spp., Fluoroquinolone-Resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (FQRP).....

Antimicrobial microbes.
Microbial-derived toxins. Bacteriocins (colicins, microcins, lantibiotics...). Archaeocins. Biocontrol approach to microbial invasions (probiotics, lactic acid bacteria...). Biosynthesis of antibiotics. Genetic and metabolic engineering. Gene regulation...

Antimicrobial viruses.
Bacteriophages. Phage therapy and biocontrol in humans, animals (agriculture-farm animals, aquaculture), plants, food industry... Materials functionalization with bacteriophages. Using bacteriophages for microbiological detection...

Antimicrobial materials science and surface chemistry. Biofilms.
Antimicrobial, anti-adhesive surfaces & coatings. Microbial adhesion to surfaces. Biofouling. Biofilm formation, control and eradication. Novel characterization techniques. Physical and chemical (inorganic (e.g. silver, copper compounds) and organic) surface modification. Cationic surfaces. Functionalization strategies for polymers, metals, metal oxides, ceramics. Drug-eluting concepts. Biofilms susceptibility to antimicrobials. Antibiotic resistance of microorganisms in biofilms. Genomics and Proteomics...

Antimicrobials in consumer products.
Textiles (hygienic clothing, activewear, medical textiles...), paper industry, active packaging (food industry...), public buildings (hospitals, schools, restaurants, day care centers, nursing homes...). Safety and toxicological aspects...

Antimicrobial physics.
Exploitation of physical properties for killing/inactivating microbes: surface tension (nano-emulsions), radiation, ultrasounds, temperature, specific properties of nano-materials (nano-particles, nano-tubes/wires, nano-crystals, nano-grained materials...). Resistance to physical agents...

Non-antibiotic biocides. Hygiene and Sterilizing.
Disinfectants, antiseptics, preservatives... Mechanism of action. Resistance to non-antibiotic biocides. Combination of physical and chemical treatments. Hygiene and Sterilizing. Sanitizers. Regulatory issues. Good practices...

Techniques and Methods.
Susceptibility Testing. Rapid microbial and resistance detection. Detection of antibiotics in environmental samples. Microscopy, microanalysis & spectroscopy, single-cell studies, high-throughout studies, nanomechanical studies, microfluidics, lab-on-a-chip concepts, miniaturized science, analysis of microbial surfaces, heterogeneity, statistics. Interaction of antimicrobial drugs with model membranes. Analytical techniques...

The Intelligent war.
Interfering microbe-microbe communication (quorum sensing) as antimicrobial strategy.

Strengthening of innate immune system as antimicrobial strategy.
Immunotherapy, immunomodulating agents, cytokines (interleukins, colony-stimulating factors, interferons...), hormones... Novel vaccines for preventing or treating disease...

Antimicrobials evaluation. Pre-clinical and clinical trials.

Public awareness, learning & teaching, influence on policy-makers.

Regional regulatory frameworks and experiences on antimicrobials.

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