Local Organizing Commitee

A.Mendez-Vilas, University of Extremadura and Formatex Research Centre, Spain (Coordinator)
J.A. Mesa Gonzalez, Formatex Research Centre, Spain
B. González-Pereira, Formatex Research Centre, Spain
David Zarco, Innovatex, S.L., Spain
Julian Mesa Gonzalez, Innovatex, S.L, Spain
F. Peña Llera, Formatex Research Centre, Spain
A. Agudo Rodríguez, Formatex Research Centre, Spain

International Scientific Advisory Committee
Dr. J. A. Sigüenza Pizarro, University Autonoma de Madrid, SPAIN
Dr. Miguel A. García Ruiz, University of Colima, MEXICO
Dr. Kamran Sedig, The University of Western Ontario, CANADA
Prof. Philip Barker, University of Teesside, UNITED KINGDOM 
Dr. Erik Duval, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, BELGIUM
Dr. Jesús M. Salinas Ibáñez, University of Islas Baleares, SPAIN
Dr. Edgar R. Weippl, Vienna University of Technology, AUSTRIA
Dr. Francisco José Perales, University of Islas Baleares, SPAIN
Dr. Miguel Angel Sicilia, University of Alcala, SPAIN
Dr. David Nichols, University of Waikato, NEW ZELAND
Azza A. Arif, University of the Witwatersrand, SOUTH AFRICA
Dr. Joaquim Jorge, Universidade Tecnica de Lisboa, PORTUGAL
Prof H J vd Merwe, Tshwane University of Technology, SOUTH AFRICA
Dr. Seppo Tella, University of Helsinki, FINLAND
Dr. Johannes Cronje, University of Pretoria, SOUTH AFRICA
Elchanan Gazit, Tel-Aviv University, ISRAEL
Alexandria Walker, University of Manchester, UNITED KINGDOM
Dr. Thomas M. Duffy, University of Indiana, UNITED STATES
Dr. José Luis Pérez de la Cruz, University of Málaga, SPAIN
Dr. Rafael Morales, University of Málaga, SPAIN
Dr. Baltasar Fernández, University Complutense de Madrid, SPAIN
Dr. Guilherme Bittencourt, Santa Catarina Federal University, BRASIL
Dr. Maite Urretavizcaya, Basque Country University, SPAIN

apers included in the Conference Proceedings Book. To cite any of these papers, please use the following editorial information:

Title: Recent Research Developments in Learning Technologies (2005)
Edited by A. Méndez-Vilas, B. González-Pereira, J. Mesa González, J.A. Mesa González
Published by FORMATEX, Badajoz, Spain (2005)

ISBN Vol. I (pp. 1-447): 609-5995-3
ISBN Vol. II (pp. 448-893): 609-5996-1
ISBN Vol. III (pp. 894-1369: 609-5997-X
ISBN of the whole set: 609-5994-5

General Issues
A continuous e-Learning improvement process 1
A Framework for Strategic Future E-Learning Applications to Support Sustainable Growth in the E-Learning Industry 6
A methodology for cross-unit integration of new topics within an existing course structure 11
A model for online assessment in adaptive e-learning platform 16
Alternative utilisation of a virtual learning environment 21
Ambient Learning: a new paradigm for e-learning 26
An Internet resource centre to use in the Portuguese Primary Schools 31
An online tutoring system for handicapped people 38
An xml-based tool to support botany learning 43
Assessing approaches to learning in independent learning environments in higher education 49
Assessing Real Time Evaluation Practices in Different Learning Environments 54
Build an Interface setp BY step 59
Bumerang – a peer-to-peer system to share knowledge inside communities at the University 64
Child Cultures, Education and Technologies: interactions in the net 70
Developing Local Studies Projects in Irish Primary Schools Using ICT - The Story of Three Projects 75
Digital divide in ICT competences in primary and secondary education: a complex relation with other key dimensions. 81
E-Campus – a Strategy for the Transition to the E-University 86
E-Learning for German driving schools 91
E-Portfolios for Undergraduate Radiographers 95
Educational effects of e-learning using mobile videophone for students with physical impairments 100
Encouraging the use of the new technologies through autonomous language learning 104
Evaluation of Fuzzy Intelligent Learning Systems 109
Evaluation of the communicability in groupware interfaces according to semiotic engineering 114
Evolución de los Sistemas de Software Libre para soportar e-learning. 119
Flexibility in semantic learning object repositories 124
Future challenges in intelligent tutoring systems – a framework 129
GECIHL: A web-based club and association system 135
Gender differences in computer science: the views of prospective computer engineers 140
Genesis: eLearning and Diversity in Mathematics and Natural Science 145
Globalisation & Technology: educational challenges 151
Improving the uji online robotics course 155
Innovative courses in E-Business Information Systems for SMEs 160
Integration of ICT in science teaching – a study performed in Azores, Portugal 165
Internet Use by Secondary School Students from Comunidad Valenciana: Profiles and Evolution 169
Meaning-making online: Discourse and CMC in a language learning community 175
Multimedia and ICTs Scenarios in Higher Education Engineering Programs 180
Online gaming: the Portuguese scene 188
Procesos y proyectos para la implantación de las TIC en la docencia universitaria: el modelo de la Universidad de Lleida 193
Quality techniques applied in the improvement of item-based LMS 199
RCOI - RFID cards to obtain information 204
Relations of adopting immersive virtual reality(IVR) in a college science and students’ perception of learning environment: Will VR let you step away from teacher-centered science class? 209
ROODA – An institutional Distance Education platform 215
SAC y TICs en la formación de maestros. 220
Students´ insights towards the use of the Powerpoint: A Study in an ESP Classroom 226
Systemically Approaching Computer Technology Integration in Educational Systems 230
The Development of a Distance Online Learning Package for Student Radiographers on Clinical Placement 236
The ECU Advantage Project: Research outcomes advising the future. 242
The role of gender in a peer-based critical thinking task 248
The role of multiple representation systems in the enhancement of the learner model in open learning computer environments 253
The “Legal and Economic Aspects of the Corruption” Doctoral Program web in the Faculty of Law at University of Salamanca. A case study of a well-engineered web portal 259
Usc-virtual: fifth years improving services 264
Using NaviTexte to teach French as a second language 269
Valuation in credits of a virtual course 274
Pedagogical and Didactical Issues
A European vision for online training for teachers of vision im-paired people – the SAVI project 279
A model for use of multimedia & ICT in the classroom teaching of MBA courses 284
A pedagogical approach to the design of Learning Objects 290
A supporting tool for the adaptive assessment of an e-learning system 295
Adaptive hypermedia systems for English learning at Pre-school 300
Added values of forestry machine simulator based training 305
An experience of collaborative learning with students beginning engineering 310
An Interactive Environment as an Ambient Learning: An Innovative Example 315
Analysis of ICT training needs according to gender in Primary and Secondary school teachers 321
Anchored Instruction (AI) as a tool in online learning at the University of the West Indies, St. Augustine. 326
Application of Effective Teaching and Learning Methods in Engineering Education 331
As “crianças virtuais” e o desafio da dependência digital 337
BeLearning: Accessibility in Virtual Knowledge Spaces for Mathematics and Natural Sciences 347
Benchmarking the quality of multimedia and ICT used in the classroom teaching of a course in an MBA programme 353
Blended learning as a resource for integrating self-access and traditional face-to-face tuition in EFL tertiary education 358
Callout Journals as Part Solution for Negative Transfer in Desktop Publishing tasks 363
Capacity building through e-learning communities: alignment of purposes, policies and practices 368
Capturing pedagogical knowledge 374
CMC environments supporting self-regulated learning 379
Combined evaluation of on-line learning communities 384
Computers methods in Physics, a course for future teachers. A five years experience. 390
Comunicarse a través de la red: Procesos de comunicación educativa on-line 395
Conditioning Factors in Nursing Students Clinical Supervision 402
Constructivist eLearning and Dyslexia: Problems of Social Negotiation in Text-Based Synchronous Environments 406
Does access to broadband technology in schools result in a shift towards independent and active learning in the classroom? 412
Drawing upon e-learning tools in English-as-a-Foreign-Language university tuition: lexis and grammar 417
E-Learning Accessibility for blind students 422
Educational use of 3d virtual environments: primary teachers visiting a romanesque castle 427
Edukalibre: a tool for collaborative creation of educational material 432
Effectiveness of cooperative learning: WebQuest as a tool to produce scientific videos 437
El Aula Virtual de Español (AVE): un modelo de integración de las TIC en la enseñanza de ELE 442
El debate en el Campus Virtual: un instrumento para la educación universitaria 448
eLearning – a powerful support of education 454
Electronic-Portfolios as Cognitive Tools in a Teacher Education Program 459
Emiliando Revisited: A project to generate motivation through asynchronous Computer Mediated interaction. 464
Estrategias de aprendizaje ante las nuevas posibilidades educativas de las TIC 469
European E-tutors – inductive models for on-line lecturing in synchronous collaborative environments 476
Evaluation of the use of electronic learning environments: Perceptions of lecturers and students 480
Experiences from the application of knowledge-packets as means for educationally-, mentally- and socially balanced instruction 485
fisic@web: a blended learning project to motivate engineering students to classical physics 490
ICT in the curriculum: a grounded theory approach study 495
Innovative teaching and learning: Engaging students in web-based constructivist learning in a Malaysian classroom 500
Interactive Geographical Information Systems (GIS) Applications for European Upper Secondary Schools 505
Interactive learning of nanophysics phenomena 510
Is s/he really necessary? The effect of tutor presence before and during synchronous CMC discussion 516
La Evaluación del Aprendizaje usando las actividades de Moodle 522
Mathematics in Virtual Knowledge Spaces: User Adaptation by Intelligent Assistants 526
Modelling interactive multimedia presentations 531
MOSAIC in music composition 536
Multimodal literacies in the school curriculum: an urgent matter of equity 541
New technologies can help to improve the process of learning. Here is how! 546
Nursing clinical practice supervision 551
On the learning of cyclic algorithmic and programming skills 554
Personal-Professional Use Towards Teaching Use and ICT Integration in Higher Education. 559
Prototyping For E-Learning Portal 564
Seminars in Cyberspace? Teachers experiences of using synchronous web seminars in distance education 567
Synchronous Satellite Distance Learning and Total Online WebCT Classes: A Comparative Study of Two Reading Course Formats 572
Teaching Assembly Language Using a Robot Simulator as Part of a Course on Computer Structure 576
The elaboration of questions on-line by the students as a system for its evaluation 580
The music of sound: a constructivist approach to the comprehension of electroacoustic music, through the composition of musique concrète, at post-primary school level. 585
The role of virtual teacher: how to use properly communication – tools 590
User-defined content in a constructivist learning environment 596
Using technology to aid the development of conceptual understanding 600
Using Topic Maps as Part of Learning Design – Some History and a Case Study 605
Virtual laboratory in optics 619
WebQuest in the Classroom – Analysis of its Impact 624
Technological Issues
COMUNÍCATE: un portal que permite vehicular las TICs en la comunidad sorda extremeña. 629
Debe adaptarse la metodología a la plataforma o la plataforma a la metodología? 635
¿Formal o Informal? La implementación del aprendizaje con las TIC en PYMES. 640
B-Learning y Teoría del Aprendizaje Constructivista en las Disciplinas Informáticas: Un esquema de ejemplo a aplicar. 645
3D learning environment. Will it add the 3rd dimension to e-learning and teaching? 651
A MDA-based framework for building interoperable e-learning platforms 655
A methodology for cross-unit integration of new topics within an existing course structure 660
A virtual electronics experiment for electrical resonance studies 666
A virtual experiment for e-learning and teaching nuclear techniques 671
Adaptive m-learning: technological and pedagogical aspects to be considered in Cyprus tertiary education 676
An e-learning platform based on metadata representation and management 684
Assessing approaches to learning in independent learning environments in higher education 690
BSCW as a support system for distance teacher training 695
Design of a tool which sets problems of tracing a source program for novice programmers 701
Designing educational software for learning mathematics in primary education 705
Development of a virtual classroom player for self-directed learning 717
Development of a web mining model on an information system for the full management of herbariums 721
e-Tutor: Towards a tool to facilitate the development of academic support processes at the university level 727
El uso de ordenadores de mano en las clases 733
eMail-Learning: a new way of distance learning 736
Emulator of Modem and V.24 interface 742
Evaluation of an Electronic Whiteboard-Based Computing Laboratory 746
Fisica 2005 : a community portal for creation of educational material and its dissemination to italian high school physics teachers 751
Give them time to think it over! A computer-based learning environment for teachers. 756
Herramienta con tecnología Web para la implantación de la educación semi-presencial basado en el Modelo de Formación Híbrido. Caso de estudio: Especialización en Desarrollo de Software de Facyt. 762
Implications for the design of multimedia: Designer's Philosophical Preference 768
Interaction in Learning Environments and Learning to Teach Mathematics 775
Learning a New Computer Application Using On-Screen Videos 779
Learning prosses in virtual network at All Armenian Internet University 785
Learning with mobile devices – a microportal design experience 791
MÓVIL-FACYT: Herramienta WAP interactiva de soporte al proceso comunicacional en educación semipresencial 797
Necesidades y problemáticas en la implantación de entornos web como apoyo de la enseñanza presencial 801
Nuclear physics experiments on the Internet 807
Presentation graphics: An e-environment for EFL learning 812
Problem-based learning: a case study in computer science 817
Reading comprehension of freshmen students: comparing printed and digital texts 822
Robotics internet tele-lab: programming using mobile devices 828
SEC: Simple but effective cell for creating language educational materials 833
SmilEMA – A system for the edition of Multimedia presentations 839
Specialized Search Engines for E-learning 844
Technical and pedagogical recommendations on videoconferencing in distance education 849
The short message service (SMS) for schools/conferences 854
The Use of Educational Technologies in University Teaching & Learning 858
Using distance learning to identify and enrich high school pupils in peripheral areas 865
Validity evidences of educational informatics performance scale 870
VideoEasel: Architecture of Virtual Laboratories for Mathematics and Natural Sciences 874
Virtual thermodynamics experiments 879
Web System to Simulate the Multilevel Cache Memory Occupation for Teaching Purposes 884

Knowledge Management

A Semantic Search Engine for Learning Resources 889
Automatic answering tool for e-learning environment 894
Delimitación y experimentación de un modelo de Gestión del Conocimiento en red. Una propuesta de investigación. 899
Design and development of online courses in an adult education center across the e-learning solution "moodle" 904
Design for a Community of Practice for ICT Heads of Department 909
E-Knowledge Management: Its Role for the Development of Intelligent E-Learning Systems 917
Future challenges in intelligent tutoring systems – a framework 929
Gestión del conocimiento en una comunidad de aprendizaje sobre educación a distancia mediante el uso de las tic 935
Implementation of a portable skills framework 940
Information Retrieval and Personalization Features in Digital Domains 946
mArachna: A Classification Scheme for Semantic Retrieval in eLearning Environments in Mathematics 957
Methodology of knowledge management implementation 963
Narrative, Ontology and Knowledge 969
Ontology as an integrating element in an information-knowledge infrastructure 974
OntRAT: Ontology-based rules acquisition tool 978
Pedagogical text indexation and exploitation for language teaching 984
The “Mediateca”: application for knowledge management and a repository of learning objects 990
Web database for text books used for teaching 995
e-Learning Standards: Learning Objects and Repositories
A brokerage system for context-based retrieval of learning objects 1000
Design and Evaluate Learning Objects in the New Framework of the Semantic Web 1006
Efficient video streaming using gesture recognition in small class peer to peer e-learning 1012
Issues in Reusable Adaptive Learning Designs 1016
Knowledge management system to re-feed learning objects repository 1021
Learning objects and Metadata – A suggested framework for learning activities 1027
Learning objects evaluation 1032
Ontologies applied to Learning Objects Repositories for educational environments in the Semantic Web 1038
Protocol-less Real Time Video Streaming in E-Learning using Digital Watermarks 1042
Resource descriptions for semantic learning element repositories: addressing flexibility 1045
XML repositories definition for adaptive e-learning courses 1050
Multimedia and ICTs in Science Education
Chemical Experiment in Computer Database 1055
Computer Algebra Systems: A basic tool for teaching Mathematics in Engineering 1060
Correcting Misconception Using Unrealistic Virtual Reality Simulation in Physics Education 1065
Creating slideshows using Flash MX 2004 1070
De la modalidad presencial a la semipresencial. Licenciatura en Computación. Facyt-UC 1074
Evaluation System in e-Learning Through the Knowledge State Analysis Method 1078
Experiences in Trigonometry 1083
How to Use Multimedia to Assist Learning on the Mechanisms of Chemical Reactions 1089
ICT in Mathematics Education: geometry problem solving with applets 1094
Impossible constructions in a web page 1099
Individualisation of student’s tasks in blended learning course of information technology for chemists with dynamic instructions 1104
Multi-media Directions for the Fundamental Experiments of Optics 1108
New technologies applied to teaching drawing: e-learning, illustration and science. 1113
Students' Understanding of Astronomical Concepts Enhanced by an Immersive Virtual Reality System (IVRS) 1118
Physics Inquiry Experiments Using Computer Interface Based Excel VBA 1123
Students’Understanding of Heat and Termperature in the Microcomputer-Based Scientific Community Laboratory 1129
The Influence of Use of Internet Modules for Creation and Practice of Interactive Exercises in Chemical Visualization and Modeling on Estimated Shift in the Resulting Student’s Competencies 1134
The “Learning from Starlight” project: experiencing mobile technologies to improve education and outreach of Astrophysics 1138
Using ICTs at early ages for language teaching and research 1144
Using Scientific Methods To Teach Science Methodology In Museum Exhibits 1149
Web Advanced Learning Technologies for Assessment in Mathematics 1154
Web pages based on the world of music for learning oscillatory and wave physics 1160
Web-Based Nuclear Physics Laboratory 1165
Constructivistic Learning on the Web
An application of social constructivism and open source software 1170
Benefits of E-Learning– Crucial Factors; An evaluation based on case studies 1175
Classified advertisements platform for academic environment 1180
Development of Virtual Teams and Learning Communities 1184
Formação continuada docente e a busca de uma aprendizagem no espaço virtual, através da utilização da tecnologia de informação e comunicação (TIC) 1190
Jugando a definir proyectos informáticos 1199
Life was bacalao – life is Internet? Should we develop a “fishing culture” mentality in schools? 1205
Media’s Impact as Implicit Learning Objectives: COMETS as an Example of Chances for Internet-Learning viewed from both Media-Theory and Constructivism 1211
Nuevas aportaciones didácticas de los laboratorios virtuales y remotos en la enseñanza de la Física 1216
Scripts and narrative control in the design of case-based learning environments for supporting students’ context awareness 1222
The role of synchronous communication via chat in the formation of e-learning communities 1227
The ups and downs of learning online 1233
The Use of Net-Mediated Environments for Collaborative Writing-to-Learn 1239
Tutorial multimedia de acceso a Internet y búsqueda de información a través del correo electrónico en la enseñanza de la Física 1244

Design of Interactive Visual Interfaces
A conceptual framework for the integrative design of adaptable representations for learning 1250
A graphical annotation platform for Web-based e-learning 1255
A synchronous tool for carrying out report tasks in group using shared wokspaces 1261
AGISA: an integrated system for classroom administration 1266
An experience of validation of a questionnaire through Internet with Questionmark Perception Software 1272
Learning Object manipulation by means of shared structured workspaces and argumentative discussion 1278
Learning Visual Servoing Techniques by Remotely Programming an Internet Tele-Lab: An Education and Training Experience 1283
Monitoring a mobile robot using a web interface 1288
On the modelling-based framework for the instructional assessment of dynamic processes 1293
VideoStore: A system to store, annotate and share video based content 1299
Web site Prototype Design to Suit the Education and Research Purposes of University Departments 1304
GerExa: manipulating exercises and exams in XML 1310
Teaching the cache memory coherence with the MESI protocol simulator 1315
A tool for analysing interactive pdf presentations 1320
Development of a computed-based instruction in computer 1325
Inclusion of the new technologies in the educative methodology 1332
Towards Ontology-based Semantic Processing for Multimodal Active Presentation 1339
Interactive storytelling in educational environments 1345
Teaching for diversity and globalization in online and web-based learning environments 1350
A Virtual High School based in LMS open-source and Learning Objects 1355
is blended Education in Computer Science Used by the Students? 1361
USE-ME.GOV: USability-drivEn open platform for MobilE GOVernment 1366